第一步:下载安装

第二步:环境配置

  • 打开你的mingw-w64安装目录,我是默认安装的在C:\Program Files (x86),里面的MinGW-W64就是安装的编译器了,将里面的bin文件夹加入路径,我的就是C:\Program Files (x86)\mingw64\bin,将这个加入路径即可。
    路径加入方法:
  • 加入后,建议重启一下电脑

第三步 下载安装VSCode(已经装好了请跳到第四步)

  • vscode请到官网下载最新版(推荐管理权限64位版本)
  • 下载地址:https://code.visualstudio.com/#alt-downloads

第四步:安装VSCode cpp相关的插件

  • Vscode设置中文环境教程http://www.chuancn.cn/post/将VSCode设置成中文语言环境
  • c++插件

-重启vscode软件

第五步:配置c++的.vscode文件

  • 在你写代码的地方新建文件夹和里面新建一个文件夹
  • 然后在文件夹里面创建一个.vscode文件夹
  • 然后在.vscode文件夹里面创建如上图所示的四个文件,文件名如下
c_cpp_properties.json
launch.json
tasks.json
  • 请根据安装的位置来修改文件路径(如果跟我一样可以不要修改)
  • launch.json
{
    "version": "0.2.0",
    "configurations": [
        {
            "name": "(gdb) Launch", // 配置名称,将会在启动配置的下拉菜单中显示
            "type": "cppdbg", // 配置类型,这里只能为cppdbg
            "request": "launch", // 请求配置类型,可以为launch(启动)或attach(附加)
            "program": "${workspaceFolder}/${fileBasenameNoExtension}.exe", // 将要进行调试的程序的路径
            "args": [], // 程序调试时传递给程序的命令行参数,一般设为空即可
            "stopAtEntry": false, // 设为true时程序将暂停在程序入口处,一般设置为false
            "cwd": "${workspaceFolder}", // 调试程序时的工作目录,一般为${workspaceRoot}即代码所在目录 workspaceRoot已被弃用,现改为workspaceFolder
            "environment": [],
            "externalConsole": true, // 调试时是否显示控制台窗口,一般设置为true显示控制台
            "MIMode": "gdb",
            "miDebuggerPath": "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/gdb.exe", // miDebugger的路径,注意这里要与MinGw的路径对应
            "preLaunchTask": "g++", // 调试会话开始前执行的任务,一般为编译程序,c++为g++, c为gcc
            "setupCommands": [
                {
                    "description": "Enable pretty-printing for gdb",
                    "text": "-enable-pretty-printing",
                    "ignoreFailures": false
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}
  • tasks.json

如果遇到找不到文件 比如这样:

把 "${workspaceFolder}"替换为 "\\"或 "//"

{
    "version": "2.0.0",
    "command": "g++",
    "args": [
        "-g",
        "${file}",
        "-o",
        "${fileBasenameNoExtension}.exe"
    ], // 编译命令参数
    "problemMatcher": {
        "owner": "cpp",
        "fileLocation": [
            "relative",
            "${workspaceFolder}"
        ],
        "pattern": {
            "regexp": "^(.*):(\\d+):(\\d+):\\s+(warning|error):\\s+(.*)$",
            "file": 1,
            "line": 2,
            "column": 3,
            "severity": 4,
            "message": 5
        }
    }
}
  • c_cpp_properties.json

"includepath"设置问题 路径获取获取方法为:cmd——》gcc -v -E -x c++ -

如果第一种出错请使用第二种

{
    "configurations": [
        {
            "name": "Win32",
            "includePath": [
                "${workspaceRoot}",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/include/**",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include/c++",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include/c++/x86_64-w64-mingw32",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include/c++/backward",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include-fixed",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/../../../../x86_64-w64-mingw32/include"
            ],
            "defines": [
                "_DEBUG",
                "UNICODE",
                "__GNUC__=6",
                "__cdecl=__attribute__((__cdecl__))"
            ],
            "intelliSenseMode": "msvc-x64",
            "browse": {
                "limitSymbolsToIncludedHeaders": true,
                "databaseFilename": "",
                "path": [
                    "${workspaceRoot}",
                    "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/include/**",
                    "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include/c++",
                    "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include/c++/x86_64-w64-mingw32",
                    "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include/c++/backward",
                    "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include",
                    "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include-fixed",
                    "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/../../../../x86_64-w64-mingw32/include"
                ]
            }
        }
    ],
    "version": 4
}

第二种

{
    "configurations": [
        {
            "name": "Win32",
            "includePath": [
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/include/**",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include/c++",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include/c++/x86_64-w64-mingw32",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include/c++/backward",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/include-fixed",
                "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/8.1.0/../../../../x86_64-w64-mingw32/include"
            ],
            "browse": {
                "limitSymbolsToIncludedHeaders": true,
                "databaseFilename": ""
            }
        }
    ],
    "version": 4
}

第六步:配置c语言的.vscode文件

  • 在你写代码的地方新建文件夹和里面新建一个文件夹
  • 然后在文件夹里面创建一个.vscode文件夹
  • 然后在.vscode文件夹里面创建如上图所示的四个文件,文件名如下
launch.json
tasks.json
  • launch.json
{
    "version": "0.2.0",
    "configurations": [
        {
            "name": "(gdb) Launch", // 配置名称,将会在启动配置的下拉菜单中显示
            "type": "cppdbg", // 配置类型,这里只能为cppdbg
            "request": "launch", // 请求配置类型,可以为launch(启动)或attach(附加)
            "program": "${workspaceFolder}/${fileBasenameNoExtension}.exe", // 将要进行调试的程序的路径
            "args": [], // 程序调试时传递给程序的命令行参数,一般设为空即可
            "stopAtEntry": false, // 设为true时程序将暂停在程序入口处,一般设置为false
            "cwd": "${workspaceFolder}", // 调试程序时的工作目录,一般为${workspaceRoot}即代码所在目录 workspaceRoot已被弃用,现改为workspaceFolder
            "environment": [],
            "externalConsole": true, // 调试时是否显示控制台窗口,一般设置为true显示控制台
            "MIMode": "gdb",
            "miDebuggerPath": "C:/Program Files (x86)/mingw64/bin/gdb.exe", // miDebugger的路径,注意这里要与MinGw的路径对应
            "preLaunchTask": "gcc", // 调试会话开始前执行的任务,一般为编译程序,c++为g++, c为gcc
            "setupCommands": [
                {
                    "description": "Enable pretty-printing for gdb",
                    "text": "-enable-pretty-printing",
                    "ignoreFailures": false
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}
  • tasks.json
{
    "version": "2.0.0",
    "command": "gcc",
    "args": [
        "-g",
        "${file}",
        "-o",
        "${fileBasenameNoExtension}.exe"
    ]
}


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